I have been involved in work that revolves around the promotion of multiculturalism for quite a number of years now. Based on my experiences, I can assert that this work (of promoting multiculturalism) is not easy. Anyone who tries to promote multiculturalism is bound to keep on encountering challenges along the way. And after analyzing the major difficulties I have encountered in this work over the years, I have come to the conclusion that there are three key factors that make it hard to promote multiculturalism.
The first factor that makes it hard to promote multiculturalism is the general lack of appreciation for culture. Culture is simply the way of life of a given society. The problem here is in the fact that most people don’t have any conscious awareness of their cultures. They simply live their lives the way they found their parents living, and the way they see their peers living. Conscious awareness and appreciation of culture requires a certain level of education, which many people lack. When you start talking about multiculturalism to these sorts of people, they will regard you as just another boring hothead, and start regarding you with ill-disguised contempt. So your attempts at promoting multiculturalism get stuck at that point.
The second factor that makes it hard to promote multiculturalism is the existence of various forms of superiority and inferiority complexes in the society. This leads to a situation where people start regarding their cultures as ‘superior’ to other cultures. Needless to say, once people fall into this trap, it becomes hard for them to embrace multiculturalism.
The third factor that makes it hard to promote multiculturalism is the lack of political goodwill. One gets the impression that from the government’s point of view, monoculturalism is preferable. After all, the real reason as to why the government exists is to control people. And it is manifestly easier to control people who are monocultural as opposed to people who are multicultural. Thus, the governments are bound to put in place obstacles to the achievement of genuine multiculturalism – while all the time pretending to be in support of the same.